It's All About The Flying.  World Record Hang Gliders Since 1973.
 
Current Location: Home > Hang Gliders > Sailcloth
Learn To Fly!
Introduction
Instruction
Schools
Safety
Scooter Tow
History
U.S.H.P.A
Hang Gliders
T2
U2
Sport 2
Falcon 4
Falcon 3 Tandem
Alpha
Paragliding
News Item
Parachutes
Helmets

WW Books
Paragliding: A
    Pilot's Training
    Manual
    NEW 8th
    Edition

Higher Than
    Eagles
    NEW

Right Stuff for
    HG Pilots
Rob’s Page
Fly Strong
HG Harness
Z5
Covert
FlyLite 3
Parachutes
LARA
PDA
Helmets
Insider
Air Control
No Limit
Breeze
Loop
Accessories
Hall/WW Airspeed
Wheels
Drogue Chute
Vertical Stabilizer
Litestream C-bar
Slipstream C-bar
F3 Short Pack Bag
Clothing

Hang Glider Sailcloth Information

Dacron® , Mylar® and General Sailcloth Information

With respect to sail materials, the term Dacron® is commonly used to refer to a woven cloth made of polyester fibers. More correctly, Dacron® is a registered trademark of DuPont, and refers specifically to a DuPont developed polyester fiber.

In a similar manner, with respect to sail materials, the term Mylar® is commonly used to refer to a polyester film, and, again, Mylar® is a registered trademark of DuPont, and refers specifically to a DuPont developed polyester film.

There are basically two types of sail materials used in hang glider sails - woven polyester fabrics and composite laminated fabrics that use some combination of polyester film and polyester or other reinforcing fibers. Wills Wing primarily uses premium fabrics made by Dimension-Polyant, widely recognized as the leading sail cloth manufacturer in the world.


4.0 - 4.9 Ounce Woven Polyester Fabrics

These are the most basic, commonly used types of sailcloth. They form essentially the entire sail on gliders like the Falcon, and are typically used in the bottom surface (4 oz. only) and mid-chord top surface of other model gliders. They are a very tight weave of small diameter polyester fibers, which is subsequently "stabilized" by the hot-press impregnation of a polyester resin. The purpose of the resin impregnation is to provide "dimensional stability" which is the resistance to distortion or stretch of the material along the "bias" - in other words, at some angle to the two perpendicular directions of the threads that form the weave. This resistance to bias stretch is important in maintaining the aerodynamic shape originally designed into the sail, when the sail is placed under varying loads. These materials are relatively light in weight, moderately elastic, and have good durability. They provide the best combination of light weight and durability in a sail with the best overall handling qualities, on those models where very high sail tensions are not required.

In the V170 and IU171 designations it has a 4.0 ounce weight, (4 oz per sailmaker’s yard – 28.5” by 36”, or 170 grams per square meter) and comes in white and in a selection of colors.

The IU200 White and 210C WHT / 211 WHT designations, have 4.7 ounce and 4.9 ounce weights respectively. They are available in white only, and are used where additional durability is desired. Starting in 2011, first IU200 White, and later 210C WHT became the default material used on the #4 Panel (trailing edge) on Sport 2’s and Falcon 3 145’s, 170’s and 195’s, and on Panels 2 and 3 on Falcon 3 Tandems. Starting in June 2014, 210C WHT was replaced by 211 WHT.

Try the Glider Color Selector to see colors and sail patterns.


205MT and 240MT

Dark background to show fiber details.

These are two heavier woven fabrics, which utilize a ripstop pattern of larger diameter fibers woven into the regular cloth. These materials come in white only, and are typically used on the leading edge panel and / or trailing edge panel of higher performance gliders, or other gliders where the sail is subject to higher loads or where greater durability is desired. 205 MT, which has a weight of 4.9 ounces per sailmaker's yard, is the standard trailing edge fabric on the T2 and U2, is a no extra cost option for the leading edge on the T2 and U2, and is an extra cost option on the Sport 2 and Falcon 3 (except Tandem panel 4, which must be 240 MT). 240 MT, which has a weight of 5.7 ounces per sailmaker's yard, is the standard trailing edge fabric on the Falcon 3 Tandem, and is available as an extra cost option on the leading edge and trailing edge of the U2 and T2.


PX Polyester X-Ply Laminates and UVM and Other Laminates

These several of what are commonly called "Mylar®" sailcloth. They are not available in colors, and will be either "mostly clear" or white depending on cloth construction. Laminated sail materials using polyester film have been used for many years in hang glider sails. The original inspiration for the use of these fabrics was an attempt to achieve superior performance by using a lower stretch material that was still relatively light in weight. In high performance hang gliders, limiting spanwise twist is a key component of performance, and twist is generally controlled by sail tension. The disadvantages of the polyester film fabrics have been that the reduced elasticity under load has generally resulted in "stiffer," less responsive handling qualities, and that the polyester laminated fabrics have been, historically, not as durable or long lasting as woven fabrics. The current generation of laminated fabrics are vastly improved over those of even ten years ago, however it is still generally the case that a premium woven fabric will outlast even the best laminated materials.

PX Polyester X-Ply Laminate Construction.  Image courtesy  Dimension Polyant

Wills Wing Mylar Sailcloth Options for 2011

1) Materials Previously and Currently Available

UVX15, UVX15T – Used on Panel 1 only
(white in color - opaque – similar to UVPT WHT in appearance)

UVX15T / UVX15 are similar in construction to PX15T / PX15 but with a wider x-ply. UVX15 is currently available, UVX15T is no longer available.  (Xply fibers oriented at 30 degrees) and with the special UV Mylar film. Also they have the titanium dioxide pigment which renders the material white in color and opaque. UVX15T (with a taffeta backing) was in use for sails made between April 2011 and mid-March 2012. After that it was replaced by UVX (without taffeta, and with a thicker 1.5 mil Mylar film on the backside).
Weight about 260 gm/m^2


UVM15TWHT Sailcloth

Can be selected for Panel 1 on a U2 or T2 (not avail on Sport 2) for an upgrade charge:


Part #

Part Description

Category

Unit

Retail

01A-A3

P1 UPGRADE 205/PX TO HYD / UVM / UVX

Service - Labor Rates - Custom Charges

EA

$150.00

No upgrade charge on T2C.


UVPT GREY & UVPT WHT- Used on Panel 3 & 4 only – must be used on both 3&4 together – CANNOT mix GREY and WHT on same glider. (grey in color partly transparent or white in color, opaque, shown with red and white cloth underneath)

Same as the PE10, (including the PEN substrate fibers) but with the UV Mylar film, AND with a TECHNORA X-PLY. The UVPT WHT also has the titanium dioxide pigment. Xply orientation is at 30 degrees
Weight about 170 gm/m^2


UVMPE10WHT Sailcloth

The option upgrade price for a T2 or U2 (not available on a Sport 2) with UVPT GREY or UVPT WHT in P3 and P4 is:


Part #

Part Description

Category

Unit

Retail

01A-A52

MYLAR SAIL UPGRADE WITH UVPT

Service - Labor Rates - Custom Charges

EA

$525.00

There is no upgrade charge on a T2C.

Note: As of June 2104, UVPT GREY is no longer available.  UVPT WHT is still available.


UVODL06 - (Technora) Used on Panel 3 & 4 only – must be used on both 3&4 together
(clear – transparent with large, black Technora fibers )

Same construction as PX10 (like PX10T but with no taffeta layer) but the fiber is Technora which is three times stronger than polyester fiber. (Prior to 2012, ODL06 did not use the UV protected mylar film. On all sails with ODL06 cut after November 30th, 2011, the material used was the newer UVODL06 which does feature the UV protected mylar film).
Weight about 160 gm/m^2
Available only on the T2C – option upgrade price is $225.00.

ODL06 Sailcloth


Part #

Part Description

Category

Unit

Retail

01A-A34

P3-P4 UPGRADE ODL06-T2C ONLY

Service - Labor Rates - Custom Charges

EA

$225.00


UVODL04 - (Technora) Used on Panel 3 & 4 only – must be used on both 3&4 together 

Same general construction and appearance as UVODL06, but a slightly lighter weight material.  Carbon reinforcing tape is used with UVODL04 to provide additional strength and resistance to stretch along the major tension lines. More expensive than UVODL06. Generally results in lighter, quicker handling. Available only on the T2C.


Part #

Part Description

Category

Unit

Retail

01A-A35

P3-P4 UPGRADE ODL04-T2C ONLY

Service - Labor Rates - Custom Charges

EA

$375.00


Handling Considerations:
There is no dramatic difference in the handling among the different Mylar materials, and no dramatic difference even between the Mylar materials and woven materials like 205 MT and Hydranet. When there is a difference, the woven fabrics tend to have nicer handling than the Mylar fabrics, except on the T2 and T2C, where we recommend an all mylar top surface due to the higher sail tensions.

Durability:
All Mylar materials are expected to be inferior in durability to woven materials. That said, the Mylar materials that use the special UV resistant film will be the most durable Mylar materials. The recommended “top drawer” materials choice for a T2C (where all cloth upgrades except UVODL06 or UVODL04 are included, so price considerations are not a factor) is UVX15 in the P1 panel and UVPT WHT, or UVODL06 for an extra $150 charge, in the P3 and P4 panels. Any Wills Wing fabric with UV or UVM in the name uses a special UV resistant Mylar film that is highly resistant to UV deterioration. Any of the Wills Wing UVM WHITE or UVPT WHT fabrics also include titanium dioxide in the fabric dye that offers addition UV protection to the underlying substrate fibers, however, because it is the top layer of Mylar film that is exposed to the highest intensity UV radiation, the most important factor in extending the longevity of a Mylar sail is the use of the special UV resistant Mylar film in this outer layer. This special film is only available on the specific Mylar sail cloths offered by Wills Wing that include UV or UVM in the material designation.

Performance Considerations:
For competition pilots, or any pilot who flies a high percentage of the time with the VG set at the tighter settings, the lowest stretch materials (the UVPT WHT and UVODL06) provide the greatest reduction in twist and the highest performance. Mylar materials in general will exhibit lower elasticity and therefore lower twist than woven fabrics at tighter VG settings. At lower VG settings, there is no significant performance advantage based on sail materials selection.

Model Specific Recommendations:

T2/T2C:

UVX15 Panel #1 (leading edge)
UVPT WHT, or UVODL06 (T2C only) Panel #3 and #4 (top surface rear body)
Excellent UV resistance, durability, handling and performance.

U2:

Best combination of handling, performance and durability is obtained with an all woven top surface – Mylar does not provide any measurable performance increase, will have less durability, and may have negative effects on glider handling qualities.

205 MT Panel #1 (leading edge)
V170 White Panel #3 (mid-chord)
205 MT Panel #4 (trailing edge)

If selecting an all Mylar top surface, best material choice is:

UVX15 Panel #1 (leading edge)
UVPT WHT Panel #3/#4 (top sail body aft of leading edge)

Sport 2:

Best handling is obtained with an all woven top surface of 170 - 211 weight material. Mylar, or heavier materials will not provide any measurable performance increase and Mylar materials will have less durability. UVPT WHT Mylar material is an available upgrade on Panel #1 – leading edge.

V170 White or Color or 211 White Panel #1 (leading edge)
V170 White or Color Panel #3 (mid-chord)
V170 White or Color or 211 White Panel #4 (trailing edge)

Heavier Materials on P#1 and / or P#4 will provide increased durability, at the likely expense of some degree of handling responsiveness.

205 MT Panel #1 (leading edge)
V170 White Panel #3 (mid-chord)
205 MT (or 205 MT) Panel #4 (trailing edge)


2) Materials No Longer Available:

PX05T – Used on Panel 1 on Sport 2’s
(Previously used in panel 3 on U2’s and T2/T2C’s)
(semi clear top layers with white taffeta backing)

5 layers-
¾ mil Mylar film,
lighter weight polyester scrim (square reinforcing)
polyester black X-ply at 6 degrees
¾ mil Mylar film
added layer of lightweight taffeta on the underside.
Weight about 210 gm/m^2


PX10T Sailcloth
All-Mylar top surface is not an available option on a Sport 2.



PX15T – Used on Panel 1 only
(semi clear top layers with white taffeta backing – similar appearance to PX05T shown above)

5 layers-
¾ mil Mylar film,
polyester scrim (square heavy reinforcing)
polyester black X-ply at 6 degrees
¾ mil Mylar film
added layer of lightweight taffeta on the underside.
Polyester Xply is at 6 degrees
Weight about 260 gm/m^2
May be Selected on Panel 1 on a U2, T2 or T2C at no extra charge.

PX15T Sailcloth


HYDRA-NET® 200

Dark background to show fiber details.

Hydra-net® is a trademark of Dimension-Polyant, and refers to a tightly woven high tenacity fabric with an integrated ripstop pattern of Spectra® fibers. The use of these Spectra® reinforcing fibers in a relatively light-weight cloth provides the structural performance and durability of a heavier cloth with the superior handling of a lighter weight material. Hydra-net 200 comes in white only, and is an upgrade option for the trailing edge panel or leading edge panel on the Sport 2, T2 and U2.


PE10 – Used on Panel 3 & 4 only – must be used on both 3&4 together
(grey in color, partly transparent – shown with red and white cloth underneath)

Same construction as PX10 (like PX10T but with no taffeta layer) but the fiber is ‘PEN’ which is twice as strong as the polyester fiber. (No UV protection).
Xply orientation is at 6 degrees
Weight about 180 gm/m^2 The weight savings is from not using taffeta.


PE10 Sailcloth, shown with red and white backgrounds (transparent material)

Could be used on T2 or U2 with either PX15T or UVM15T on Panel 1.

UVM15TWHT – Used on Panel 1 only
(bright white in color - opaque)

UVM15TWHT is similar construction to PX15T but with a wider x-ply (white Xply fibers oriented at 30 degrees) and with the special UV Mylar film. Also has the titanium dioxide pigment which renders the material bright white in color and opaque.
Weight about 260 gm/m^2


UVM15TWHT Sailcloth

Could be selected for Panel 1 on a U2 or T2, not avail on Sport 2.


PX10T – used in panel 1 and / or panel 4
(semi clear top layers with white taffeta backing)

5 layers-
¾ mil Mylar film,
polyester scrim (square heavy reinforcing)
polyester black X-ply at 6 degrees
¾ mil Mylar film
added layer of lightweight taffeta on the underside.
Weight about 230 gm/m^2

PX10T Sailcloth


UVMPE10WHT- Used on Panel 3 & 4 only – must be used on both 3&4 together
(bright white in color - opaque)
Same as the PE10, but with the UV Mylar film and the titanium dioxide pigment.
Xply orientation is at 6 degrees
Weight about 180 gm/m^2


UVMPE10WHT Sailcloth


UVM10T
used in panel 1 and / or panel 4
(grey in color – opaque)

4 layers-
¾ mil UV Mylar film (derivative of normal Mylar film with a special, highly UV resistant molecular formula),
polyester scrim (square heavy reinforcing)
¾ mil UV Mylar film
added layer of lightweight taffeta on the underside.
Weight about 230 gm/m^2

UV Resistant UVM10T Sailcloth


UVM05T
used in panel 3 only
(grey in color – opaque)

4 layers-
¾ mil UV Mylar film
lighter weight polyester scrim (square reinforcing)
¾ mil UV Mylar film
added layer of lightweight taffeta on the underside.
Weight about 210 gm/m^2


UVM10T WHITE used in panel 1 and / or panel 4
(bright white in color - opaque)
Same as UVM10T (grey) but with titanium dioxide pigment which renders the material bright white in color and opaque.

UV Resistant UVM10TWHT Sailcloth

Last Modified: 15 June, 2014

  Top | Home | Dealers | News | Blogs | Support | Pricelist | Calendar | Inventory | Contact | Login

Copyright © 1996-2010 Wills Wing Inc.
Wills Wing Inc • 500 West Blueridge Ave • Orange, CA • 92865